Finnish Sturmi

30 StuGs, nicknamed "Sturmi" were received in 1943, 
and another 29 were bought in 1944. 
They were used successfully in the defence of Finland against the Soviet invasion.

Suomi osti yhteensä 59 kpl StuG III -vaunuja Saksalta vuosina 1943 ja 1944. 
Yhden vaunun hinta oli 165 000 valtakunnanmarkkaa 
(kahden komentovaunun 168 000 RM), eli 3,2 miljoonaa Suomen markkaa. 
Vaunut tuhosivat 87 vihollispanssaria omien tappioiden ollessa 8 vaunua. 
29 vaunuista ehti jatkosodan taisteluihin. Koska varaosista oli puutetta, yksi vaunu purettiin osiksi. Loput 30 vaunua eivät ehtineet jatkosotaan.

Finland purchased a total of 59 StuG III vehicles from Germany in 1943 and 1944.
The cost of a single carriage was 165,000 reich marks.
Two kommand wagons cost (168 000 RM), ie FIM 3.2 million.
Finnish wagons destroyed 87 enemy wagons, and their own losses are 8 wagons.
29 wagons came to the battle of the Continuation War. 
Because of the lack of spare parts, one wagon was dismantled. 
Rest 30 wagons did not have continuous war.
Panssaridivisioona, Karjalan kannas 1944 kesä.
Pataljoona tuhosi 40 naapurin tankkia ja menetti samalla itse 2 sturm-III vaunua.

Vänrikki Aulanko (istuu piipun päällä) rynnäkkötykki ja vaunun miehistöä. 
Uuden tykin tili-merkinnät ovat viisi (5) panssari-vaunua jotka ovat.
1 x Josef Stalin-II 
1 x  Klim-I 
3 x  T-34 Lempinimi "Sotka" (= Goldeneye)
Taistelupaikkana ovat Kuuterselkä ja Tali.
Kilpeenjoki 1944.07.09

Panzer Division, karelian isthmus 1944 summer.
Battalion destroyed 40 neighborg tank, Tali-Ihantala battle, and lost 2 stu-III wagons.

Fänrich Aulanko (second Leutnant) and his new Sturm and trolley crew.
And his new stu gun's conto has 5 neighbor tanks.
1 x Josef Stalin-II
1 x Klim-I
3 x T-34 Nickname is "Sotka" (= Goldeneye)
Battleplace are Kuuterselkä and Tali.
Kilpeenjoki (the shield river) 1944.07.09


Ruka-Lake road

Ambush is name, they say. 
The Road to Ruka Lake, would be the translation.

Kuvahaun tulos haulle rukajärven tie

  Kuvahaun tulos haulle rukajärven tie

Aiheeseen liittyvä kuva

                    Kuvahaun tulos haulle rukajärven tie

                    Kuvahaun tulos haulle rukajärven tie

                    Kuvahaun tulos haulle rukajärven tie

               Kuvahaun tulos haulle ambush 1999
                 Kuvahaun tulos haulle rukajärven tie

Full movie (workings)

Full movie (no workings)

                       Kuvahaun tulos haulle ambush 1999
                     Kuvahaun tulos haulle rukajärven tie
                     Kuvahaun tulos haulle rukajärven tie
                                              BMW 75 R


Battle of Ilomants

The Battle of Ilomantsi was a part of the Continuation War (1941–1944). It was fought from July 26 to August 13, 1944, between Finland and the Soviet Union in an area roughly 40 kilometers wide and 30 kilometers deep, near the Finnish-Soviet border, close to the small Finnish town of Ilomantsi, in North Karelia. The battle ended with a Finnish victory - the last major Soviet attack against Finland was stopped here.

Battle of ilomantsi destroyed t-26.jpgFinnish forces in the area before the battle consisted of only the 21st Brigade under Colonel Ekman but they were reinforced by the Cavalry Brigade and three other battalions - 3rd Border Jaeger Battalion and the two-battalion strong detachment P (Os. P). All Finnish forces were subordinated to a temporary formation named Group R - Group Raappana ("Ryhmä Raappana" in Finnish) - after its commanding officer, the famed Finnish Major General Erkki Raappana, a Knight of the Mannerheim Cross, tasked with defeating the advancing Soviet units and recapturing the crossroads at Kuolismaa village.

During the initial Soviet push the sole unit defending against and delaying it was the Finnish 21st Brigade (roughly 7,000 men). As the front in the Karelian Isthmus was stabilized the Cavalry Brigade was rushed to Ilomantsi to reinforce the 21st Brigade, bringing the Finnish strength on July 31, when the counterattack began, to roughly 13,000.

General Meretskov's Karelian Front's forces advancing towards Ilomantsi consisted of two divisions of the Soviet 32nd Army under Lieutenant General Filip D. Garelenko - the 176th (Colonel Zolotarjov) and 289th (Major General Tsernuha) Rifle Divisions. Later as the battle progressed and the advancing divisions were encircled, Soviet forces in the area were reinforced by the 3rd, 69th and 70th Naval Infantry Brigades and other formations.

According to Soviet archives, at the beginning of the Karelian Front's offensive at June 21, 1944 the two Soviet divisions had a combined strength of roughly 16,000 men. By the time (June 31) the Finnish counterattack at Ilomantsi started, their strength had dropped to 11,000 men. After the 3rd Naval Infantry (ru. Morskaya Pekhota) Brigade and the 69th and 70th Naval Rifle (ru. Morskaya Strelkovy) Brigades were brought to support the encircled 176th and 289th Rifle Divisions, the combined Soviet infantry strength in Ilomantsi was slightly higher than 20,000 men.
At first, the Soviet offensive seemed to be successful as on July 21, 1944, the Red Army units were able to reach the Finnish-Soviet border of 1940 for the only time during the entire Soviet offensive of 1944 and, in fact, ever since 1941. Finnish reinforcements arrived on July 28, and on July 31 Raappana started the counterattack. Already by August 1 the Finns had cut the sole road leading to the 176th Rifle Division and by August 3 both Soviet divisions were encircled as the Finnish forces utilized envelopment tactics ("motti" in Finnish) that drew upon ancient methods of warfare and those already used by them in the Winter War (1939–1940). Soldiers of the Erillinen Pataljoona 4 disrupted the supply lines of the Soviet artillery, preventing effective fire support.

The Soviets deployed three brigades with armor support to open the road connections to the encircled divisions but Finnish efforts prevented them. Renewed attacks distracted the Finns enough to allow the encircled Soviet forces to escape through the dense forests by abandoning their heavy equipment. Given the element of surprise and due to the superior numbers of the Soviets, the Finnish troops guarding the encircled divisions had little hope of containing organized breakouts, especially in the forests, and so many of the encircled Soviets managed to escape to their own side with the last escaping on August 10.

The Utrio area played a central role in General Raappana's plan of defence. Fast-moving battalions from the Cavalry Brigade, experienced in forest warfare, drove through this area between lakes, as a wedge between the attacking Soviet 176th and 289th Rifle Divisions. The opening battles fell on the Finnish Light Infantry Battalion 6. When it implemented the encirclements at Leminaho and the Lutikkavaara hill, the Uudenmaa Cavalry Regiment attacked through Utrio and the River Ruukinpohja, with flanking from Light Infantry Battalion 
Two attacking Red Army divisions were decimated in this last major engagement on the Finnish front, before the armistice was concluded in early September, 1944.

Military historians note that the two Red Army divisions were completely routed after a week and a half of fighting, leaving behind over 3,200 Red Army soldiers dead, thousands wounded and missing, and over 100 pieces of heavy artillery, approximately 100 mortars and the rest of the Soviet ordnance for the Finns to capture.

This was the ninth major Finnish defense victory in a period of only a few weeks following the main Soviet offense against the Finnish forces launched in June 1944. Moscow now could only conclude that the Finns had plenty of fight left in them.

Osasto Partinen (Detachment Partinen) in forest of Ilomantsi.

General Raappana's men had fired within ten days over 36,000 artillery shells, aimed at the Soviet forces. The Soviet artillery participating in Ilomantsi were able to fire only 10,000 shells during the same period. The main reason for the poorer Soviet artillery outcome was the Finnish disturbance tactics. For instance, a Finnish guerrilla detachment led by the Knight of the Mannerheim Cross, Lieutenant Heikki Nykänen, destroyed a Soviet convoy of 30 trucks carrying artillery rounds to the battle scene.
Osasto Partinen (Detachment Partinen) in forest of Ilomantsi.
The Finns had achieved victory, and the remnants of the two Red Army divisions had barely escaped destruction by breaking out from the encirclements. After the battle, Stavka (Soviet Armed Forces Headquarters) brought its offensive to a halt and gave up its demand for Finland’s unconditional surrender.

The Finnish President Mauno Koivisto spoke at a seminar held in August, 1994, in the North Karelian city of Joensuu, to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Finnish victory in the crucial battle. The future President of Finland had witnessed this battle as a soldier in a reconnaissance company commanded by Finnish war hero and Knight of the Mannerheim Cross recipient, Captain Lauri Törni (who later served in the USA as a Green Beret under the name Larry Thorne):

In the summer of 1944, when the Red Army launched an all-out offensive, aimed at eliminating Finland, the Finns were "extremely hard-pressed", President Koivisto declared, but they "did not capitulate".
"We succeeded in stopping the enemy cold at key points," the President said, "and in the final battle at Ilomantsi even in pushing him back."

In a speech on September 4, 1994, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the signing of the armistice ending the Finnish-Soviet hostilities, the Prime Minister of Finland Esko Aho declared:

"I do not see a defeat in the summer's battles, but the victory of a small nation over a major power, whose forces were stopped far short of the objectives of the Soviet leadership. Finland was not beaten militarily..."
"Finland preserved her autonomy and her democratic social system..."

"Finland...won the peace."

Finnish soldiers help up the Soviet Soldiers who are in the land hole, and are escape artillery fire

Many heavy 120mm mortar are captured...

                     ...the accordion too, and also must try tested, if this playing well 

neighbor wounded soldier, will be taken to the field hospital


Kuvahaun tulos haulle Soviet finland offensive July 21, 1944

                                Kuvahaun tulos haulle красная армия дивизии Иломантси
                                Kuvahaun tulos haulle Soviet finland offensive July 21, 1944

                                Kuvahaun tulos haulle Soviet finland offensive July 21, 1944

                                Kuvahaun tulos haulle Soviet offensive in finland on July 21, 1944

                                Kuvahaun tulos haulle Ilomantsin torjuntavoitto