23.4.2018

Scho-Ka-Kola

Scho-Ka-Kola is a German brand of bitter-sweet dark chocolate consumed for its strong caffeine and kola nut mix. The chocolates have a caffeine content of about 0.2 percent, which is derived from the cocoa content of 58 percent and the addition of 2.6 percent roast coffee and 1.6 percent kola nut. The chocolate is divided into wedges held in a round metal canister. The red-and-white container design and recipe have changed very little since the original launch in 1936.

Scho-Ka-Kola (for Scho kolade – Ka ffee – Kola nuss) was created in 1935 and patented by the Hildebrand, Kakao- und Schokoladenfabrik manufacturer, established by chocolatier Theodor Hildebrand (1791-1854) in Alt-Berlin. 

It was introduced at the 1936 Summer Olympics as a performance-enhancing energy "Sport Chocolate" (German Sportschokolade). It was also produced by the chocolate manufacturer B. Sprengel & Co. in Hannover, who in 1936 was recognized as an important pre-war economy operation, as well as produced by other German chocolate manufacturers.


File:Achtelstuecke Schokolade.jpgIn World War II, Scho-Ka-Kola was colloquially known as the "Aviator Chocolate" (German Fliegerschokolade), as it was commonly provided with Luftwaffe pilot and crew rations, to induce or extend wakefulness and alertness , especially on night-bombing missions, and was also issued to flight-crews in blue canisters as emergency sea-survival rations (German Seenotpackung).


Original retail canister in 1941, scho-ka-kola printed in lowercase Fraktur calligraphy.
Scho-Ka-Kola was also issued during World War II to German tank crews, as well as German U-boat crews and the German Army. During the occupation period it was also distributed to the German population by the Allies. German Wehrmacht -issue World War II Scho-Ka-Kola tin containers are highly sought after by collectors.

Kuvahaun tulos haulle scho ka kola wehrmachtScho-Ka-Kola is mentioned three times in Johann Voss's World War II autobiography, Black Edelweiss. "Johann Voss", real name unknown, joins the Waffen-SS in 1943 at only 17. He ends up in Northern Finland as an SS mountain ranger, and participates in heavy fighting against the Russians. When things go particularly bad, round tin boxes of Scho-Ka-Kola are issued to the troops. He also claims that during the Battle of the Bulge (particularly, the town of Reipertsweiler, in which Voss participated in a German victory), Scho-Ka-Kola was given to captured American troops as an act of respect for their bravery. Voss details Scho-Ka-Kola in the footnotes, calling the chocolate "pure luxury" and explains that each round tin contains two discs of dark chocolate, laced with caffeine from coffee beans.

In 1969 German chocolate producer Hans Imhoff took over the Hildebrand chocolate company, and in 1972 also bought the beleaguered Stollwerck chocolate manufacturer from Deutsche Bank for distribution. On July 1, 2005, the German Genuport company gained all brand and distribution rights to the product. Currently it is made by a subsidiary in Berlin and available across Germany and distributed in a limited number of foreign countries.

22.4.2018

Paul Maitla

Paul Maitla (born Paul Mathiesen; March 27, 1913 – May 10, 1945) was an Estonian commander in the German Waffen-SS during World War II. He is one of the four Estonians who received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross of Nazi Germany. He received his award for leading the recapture of the central hill of the Sinimäed during the Battle of Tannenberg Line, effectively breaking the Soviet offensive in that sector.

Paul was the youngest of three children of the family. His brother died in the Estonian War of Independence, 8 years older sister had died in Estonia a few years after World War II. Paul Maitla attended elementary school in Sipe from 1921, Tartu Kommertsgümnaasium from 1927, graduating from the Poeglaste secondary school in 1934. After graduation he changed his name to Maitla. 

In September 1934 Maitla entered the Estonian Military School and specialised in pioneering . Maitla then entered officer training in 1937, graduating in August 1938. He was then assigned to the 3rd Infantry battalion in Valga. On Independence Day, 1939, he was commissioned by the President of Estonia to the rank of lieutenant. During 1939 and 1940 he was the State defence instructor in the secondary schools of Tartu.
Paul Maitla
Paul Maitla.jpg
Paul Maitla in 1944
Nickname(s)"Kugelblitz" ("Ball Lightning") 
BornMarch 27, 1913
Kärkna , Tartu County , Estonia
DiedMay 10, 1945 (aged 32)
Nymburk , Czechoslovakia
Allegiance Estonia
 Soviet Union
Flag of the German Reich (1935–1945).svg Nazi Germany
Service/ branchEstonian Army (1938–1940)
Red Army (1940-1941)
Wehrmacht (1941-1943)
Waffen-SS (1943–1945)
Years of service1938–1945
RankSturmbannführer
Unit1938, 3rd Infantry battalion, Estonian Army
1939, Estonian state defence instructor
1940, 171st Infantry Battalion, Red Army
1941, 37th Police Battalion, Wehrmacht
1943, Estonian Legion
1944, 20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Estonian)
Battles/warsWorld War II
Battle of Narva (1944) Battle of Tannenberg Line
Battle of Oppeln
AwardsKnight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Iron Cross 2nd & 1st class
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 23 August 1944 as Waffen- Hauptsturmführer and leader of the I./Waffen-Grenadier-Regiment 45 of the SS (estn. Nr. 1)
----------------------------
World War II 
After the Soviet occupation of Estonia in 1940, Maitla was drafted into the Red Army , where he served until he was captured by the Germans in July 1941. Maitla was then interned by the Germans until November 1941, when he was released and joined the 37th Police Battalion, and tasked with guarding German airfields. 

In the autumn of 1942. Maitla was promoted to lieutenant. In October, he joined the Estonian Legion. He and 113 men were sent to Poland for training. From there, he was sent to Bad Tolz for additional officer training. Maitla returned from training in 1943 and was promoted to commander of the 3rd Company of the 1st Battalion of the 45th Regiment. In April 1943, the Estonian Waffen SS brigade participated in the battles in Nevel, and he received the Iron Cross II class on 8 December for bravery. 



Maitla was appointed Hauptsturmführer and in April 1944 he was commander of the 1st Battalion of the 45th Regiment of the newly formed 20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Estonian). In the same year, Maitla with his battalion succeeded in stopping the Red Army offensive at Auvere and received the Iron Cross I class. On 29 July, he and his battalion led a counter-attack at the Battle of Tannenberg Line for which he was awarded the Knights Cross on 23 August. 

In August, Maitla was assigned to Combat group Vent, but fell ill again shortly afterwards and admitted into Tartu Hospital. He was then relocated to a hospital in Bregenz , Germany until January 1945. Maitla then rejoined the 45th regiment, which had by this time been relocated to central Europe. On April 20, 1945, he was promoted to Sturmbannführer. 

The fate of Paul Maitla was uncertain for number of decades, until some information was discovered in 2005 in the city archives of the Czech town of Nymburk . These archives show that Maitla was arrested on May 9, 1945 and murdered together with 4 other Estonian soldiers on May 10 (on the first day of peace after World War II had ended) by Czech communists. 

Quote 
Every little kid learns history at school, studying the history of our nation, but later forgets, how the entire history of Estonians consists only of the struggle for our existence, the struggle against our strong and big neighbors. No other nation's history is like this, no one has fought over so many generations and suffered so much as we, Estonians.


When Pearu of Vargamäe says in Anton Hansen Tammsaare 's Truth and Justice , that there is a heroic kind of people at Vargamäe, it's actually said about all Estonians, a heroic kind of people on the shore of the Baltic Sea. We shall fight until we have our lost liberty back and we shall defend it to the last man. 
These are the Estonians!

17.4.2018

Some wagons...

                                 Mikkeli (city and province) and Tankhill 

                      
                               Kockum Landswerk

I hope these links worked

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f5/T-28_tank_in_Mikkeli_20130531_001.jpg

http://www.heppu.jossain.com/jalbum/museot/Mikkeli/Panssarikumpare/index.html

                      
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Parola Armory Museum, some new shelters

Panssarimuseo /  Parola Tank Museum

                      Henkilön Parolan Panssarimuseo - The Armour Museum in Finland - Pansarmuseet kuva.